Citizenship is a link between the person and the State, connected to the exercise of civil rights (e.g. expression of opinions, association, justice), social rights (e.g. health protection, education, employment, pensions) and political rights (e.g. the possibility to apply or elect representatives).

Citizenship can be acquired:

for IUS SANGUINIS, by birth from a parent in possession of citizenship (as in Malta and Italy)

for IUS SOLI, for being born on the territory of the State regardless of the nationality of the parents (as for example in the USA);

for MARRIAGE with a citizen (in some states it is not acquired automatically but is only a prerequisite for naturalization);

for NATURALIZATION or by a measure of public authority to be granted to the recourse of certain conditions or for particular merits.

It is therefore possible to acquire citizenship after a certain number of years of legal residence in a territory or through specific investments.



Malta already had a citizenship program for investment modified now according to a new regulation introduced with Legal Notice n.437 of 20.11.2020.

Obtaining a Maltese passport means having the possibility to live, work, study in all European countries and guarantees the possibility to travel without a visa in 166 countries.

A maximum total of 1500 applications will be accepted for the entire program with a limit of 400 per year.

It is possible to apply for citizenship if you are at least 18 years old, if you do not have a criminal record and only after a minimum period of 12 months of residence in Malta.

The main applicant can also apply for parents living with him or his wife, wife, minor children, adult dependent children under 27 years of age.


Two choices are given:

apply after 1 year of residence in Malta
apply after 3 years of residence in Malta with a lower non-refundable contribution.

They are required:

  • non-refundable payment of 740,000 if you have less than 36 months of residence, reduced to 590,000 with at least 36 months. In addition 50,000 for each other family member
  • purchase of a property with a minimum value of Euro 700,000 or rent of a property with a minimum rent of Euro 16,000 per year
  • health insurance
  • agency fee of 10.000 , due diligence fee of 15.000 (10.000 in addition for each dependent family member as wives, children, parents) , residence permit 5.000 (1.000 for each family member), philanthropic donation of Euro 10.000

The process takes 12/15 months to complete.


Citizens of Iran, North Korea, Afghanistan, Somalia or other internationally sanctioned states cannot apply.


In October, the European Commission initiated an infringement and formal notice procedure against Malta, and also against Cyprus, for the Citizenship for investment program, considering that the granting of Citizenship for payment and investment without an effective link with the State is not compatible with a principle of loyal cooperation within the EU.

The Government has two months to reply and if the Commission does not consider the reasons and the reply will issue an opinion on the matter.

The Government has adopted the new program with different terms and conditions compared to the previous one in response also to the EU infringement procedure.

It is necessary to wait for the evolution of the situation and how Malta will respond and what attitude the European Commission will take in this regard.


For any need and further information please contact the MaltaWay legal team




The Malta Citizenship by Investment Programme (no longer valid as of 2021 and replaced by the new one shown above)

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Introduced in the first quarter of 2014, the Malta Individual Investor Programme (IIP) offers citizenship in a EU Member State that is stable, neutral and highly respected, tying in a solid investment and a lasting bond with the country. The program allows for the grant of citizenship to duly qualified, reputable foreign individuals and families (EU and non-EU nationals) who make a significant contribution to the economic development of Malta.

The new Malta Individual Investor Programme (also referred to as the Malta Citizenship Programme) will be a good opportunity for investors to contribute to the local Maltese economy whilst at the same time benefiting from a citizenship in Malta. Successful candidates will be granted citizenship by a certificate of naturalization, which can also be extended to include their families and dependent.
The Maltese authorities guarantee an efficient application process, and the world’s strictest due diligence standards and vetting of applicants, thus ensuring only highly respectable clients will be admitted.
Successful candidates will be awarded Malta citizenship, which automatically includes EU citizenship, thus giving the right of establishment in all 28 EU countries and Switzerland. Other benefits include the ability to work and/or set up business in Malta and visa-free travel to more than 160 countries in the world, including the USA.

Eligibility criteria for the Malta Individual Investor Programme


The main applicant must be at least 18 years of age and may also add to a citizenship application for his/her spouse, as well as children and parents or grandparents, given that certain conditions are met.
Financial contribution
All individuals and families applying to the Malta Individual Investor Program must make a significant contribution to the National Development and Social Fund established by the Government. This consists of a financial contribution of €650,000 for the main applicant and an additional €25,000 per direct dependents, including the spouse and minor children. In the case of dependent children that are 18 to 26 years of age, or dependent parents over 55 years, a €50,000 contribution is applicable.
The applicant must also commit to retain a residence in Malta for a period of at least 5 years, either through the purchase of a property for which the minimum value must exceed €350,000, or by renting out a property for which the minimum annual rent must exceed €16,000. Ask to us to advice and serve you on these matters and look into casa malta database

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Bonds Investment
An investment of €150,000 in Government approved financial instrument is required, which must be maintained for a minimum period of 5 years. We can assist you as well
Residency status
on buying/renting their property in Malta, citizenship candidates are issued an identity card. Citizenship is granted after 12 months from date of property purchase or rental. Candidates need not spend 365 days in Malta before citizenship is granted. Residence is defined under Maltese law as an intention to reside in Malta for any fiscal year, usually evidenced by a stay of a minimum of 183 days or by the purchase / rental of property together with a visit to Malta.
Fit and proper test
applicants must show they are in good standing and repute and will undergo a ‘fit and proper’ test. They must also show they do not suffer from any contagious disease.
Clean Criminal Record
The applicant must have no criminal record. Applicants must provide a police certificate which may be submitted subsequently to the submission of the application but before approval. A person who has been denied a visa to a country with which Malta has visa-free travel arrangement shall not be entitled to apply under the program. A person who is deemed a potential national security or reputational risk, or is subject to criminal investigation will also be denied citizenship.


Application and Due Diligence fees
Standard due diligence fees are applicable as follows: For main applicant: EUR 7,500; for spouses, adult children and parents: EUR 5,000; for children between 13 and 18 years of age: EUR 3,000 each.
The programme is limited to the first 1,800 approved applications.
The application will be processed by Identity Malta (a government institution) and is to be submitted through a local Approved Agent.

Through its hands-on participation in promoting Malta on an international level, and in association with a number of local approved agents Frank Salt Real Estate can assist international clients in obtaining Malta residence and citizenship under the respective programs, including the Malta Individual Investors Programme.

Taxation Merits tied to the Malta Citizenship by Investment Programme
The acquisition of Maltese citizenship under the IIP does not have any tax consequences, and even if one’s residence is moved to Malta, one would still retain the status of a non-domiciled person and thus have a limited, advantageous tax exposure.
The acquisition of Maltese citizenship under the IIP does not have any tax consequences, and even if one’s residence is moved to Malta, one would still retain the status of a non-domiciled person and thus have a limited, advantageous tax exposure.
Candidates that become residents and domiciled in Malta are required to pay income tax on their worldwide income. Personal income is taxed at progressive rates of up to 35%. However, individuals that are resident in Malta but not domiciled in Malta will only be required to pay tax on income arising in Malta and income (excluding capital gains) that arises outside Malta that is received in Malta.
Capital Gains Tax: Malta does not impose estate or donations tax but it does levy a capital gains tax on various assets (mainly immovable property and shares). Capital Gains Tax is not levied on transfer of immovable property if the person transferring the property has owned it and occupied it as his main residence for a period of three years and has not vacated it for more than one year. Otherwise tax shall be levied at the 0 to 35% tax regime on the gain if the property is sold within the first 12 years of ownership or 12% of the sales consideration if the transfer is effected after 12 years of ownership. However the 12% final tax does not apply if the individual property owner is not resident in Malta.
Malta has concluded double taxation treaties with around 70+ countries with a number of other agreements signed but not yet in force.
The standard VAT rate in Malta is of 18%. The corporate tax rate is 35%, however special tax concessions apply for non-resident / non-domiciled owners.